Where Can I Grow Peanuts?
Peanuts can be grown in most parts of the United States. They prefer warm weather and need at least four months of frost-free conditions in order to thrive. If you live in an area with harsh winters, you can grow peanuts indoors in pots or containers.
How Long Do Peanuts Take to Grow?
Before answering how to plant peanuts, you first need to know how long they take to grow. From start to finish, it takes approximately four to five months for peanuts to mature and be ready for harvest. The specific time will depend on the variety of peanut that you are growing as well as the growing conditions.
How to Plant Peanuts at Home?
The first step is to acquire some peanuts that you will use for planting. You can either buy them from a garden store or harvest them from an existing peanut plant. Once you have your peanuts, soak them in water for 24 hours before planting them. This will help them germinate faster. After soaking, plant the peanuts 2-3 inches deep in well-draining soil. It is best to plant them in rows or hills so that they have room to grow.
Be sure to space the plants about 6 inches apart from each other so that they have enough room to develop properly. Water the plants deeply immediately after planting them, and then keep the soil moist throughout the entire growing season. Too much or too little water can both adversely affect peanut plant growth. For best results, water your plants once per week, making sure that the soil is moist but not soggy wet.
How to Care for Peanut Plants?
While wondering how to plant peanuts, many people often overlook the importance of proper care. As the peanut plants grow, they will produce small peg like growths called stipules. These stipules will eventually mature into peanut pods. The peanut pods will ripen and turn yellow or brown when they’re ready to harvest. You can either shell the peanuts by hand or wait for them to fall off the plant and shell them later.
If you live in an area with a short growing season, you can start your peanut plants indoors and transplant them outdoors after the last frost. When transplanting peanut seedlings, be sure to bury them up to their first set of leaves. This will encourage them to produce extra roots for a stronger, healthier plant.
How to Harvest Peanuts?
Peanuts are ready to harvest when the peanut plant is dry and brown. The entire plant can be pulled up, and the peanut pods can be removed by shaking the plant. Raw peanuts can be eaten out of hand or roasted for a crunchy snack. Peanuts can also be used in a variety of cooked dishes, such as peanut soup or stir-fried peanuts. With a little effort, anyone can enjoy a delicious harvest of fresh peanuts.
Do I Need to Worry About Pests With Peanuts?
Now that you know how to plant peanuts and care for them, you may be wondering if there are any pests that you need to worry about. One of the most common pests that affects peanut plants is the tobacco budworm. These caterpillars can cause extensive damage to peanut plants if they are not controlled. Luckily, there are a number of effective pesticides that can be used to control them.
Another pest that occasionally impacts peanut plants is the root-knot nematode. These tiny pests feed on the roots of the plant and can severely stunt its growth if left unchecked. Again, there are a number of pesticides that can be used to control root-knot nematodes.